P.E., PMP, Senior Consultant
Gary is a senior manager experienced in project management, permitting, regulatory compliance, design, and construction management for civil, environmental projects and solid waste facilities. He has been a project manager for more than 25 years. He manages multidiscipline teams that includes multiple subconsultants. He tracks budgets, deliverables and reports on project performance to owners and team. He is experienced in managing a variety of project types from multiple years and millions of dollars to small projects that are completed quickly. Gary has experience negotiating with regulatory agencies to achieve his clients’ goals for schedule, cost and quality. He has served on the Washington State Capital Project Review board for alternative contracting for the board’s first four years.
Member, International Geosynthetics Society, 2018-present
Village Life, LLC | Fruhling Pit | Bothell, Washington | 2018 | Project manager and engineer
Village Life is considering the purchase of the 26 acre Fruhling Pit for a residential development. Fruhling Pit had accepted substantial amounts of wood debris and hog fuel which are now generating methane. Gary lead a team that researched past documents, assessed the methane concentrations near the surface and monitored existing gas probes, tested vapors for typical landfill type components, identified that methane is a hazard to new home development, created a matrix that identified potential remedies and selected the preferred remedies to provide for safe development of new homes. Testing of vapors identified that the pit had accepted hydrocarbon impacted soil with several components above threshold limits. Gary recommended that an active gas collection system be installed in the portion of the site that had high concentration of methane. Each home will need to have a geomembrane barrier with vapor collection system installed. The vapor collection system will vent through the roof similar to a plumbing vent.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) | EPA R-10 Architecture and Engineering Services* | Multiple, Oregon | Technical Adviser
Gary was the technical adviser to the design engineer for the selection of a tailings pile’s cover system. He reviewed geosynthetic and soil cover systems, and determined that a soil cover system was the best system to provide long- term containment of the underling tailings.
UAP Northwest | Secondary Containment* | Moses Lake, Washington | Design Engineer
Gary prepared the conceptual design of secondary containment for a fertilizer tank farm. The design constraints consisted of a 30-foot high vertical wall of lime adjacent to the containment that limited availability of land. The containment systems considered were geomembranes, soil, concrete and steel. The lowest cost system using a HDPE geomembrane was recommended.
Simpson Tacoma Kraft Company | Simpson Tacoma Kraft Mill Wetland Restoration Plan* | Tacoma, Washington | Design Engineer
Gary developed the design for a shoreline restoration. He teamed with wetlands biologists and landscape architects to permit the first solely shoreline restoration project in Commencement Bay. He continued involvement in the project providing construction inspection.
Angel Fire Enviro Services | Angel Fire Enviro Services* | Angel Fire, New Mexico | Design Manager
Reviewed design for installation of a cutoff trench to prevent flow from a wetland into a recreational vehicle park.
Pace Engineering | Go East Landfill Expert Witness | Everett, Washington, United States | 2019 | Landfill and geosynthetic subject matter expert
Gary was the subject matter expert before the Washington State Department of Ecology Pollution Control Hearings Board (Board) to support the Respondent, P&GE regarding the suitability of the Closure and Post-Closure Plan (CPP) for the Go East Landfill. The CPP has been contested by a neighboring homeowner’s association and this was the final appeal. Gary reviewed past documents and visited the site to prepare for deposition by the Appellant’s attorney. He prepared calculations for slope stability and developed sketches for improvements to the conceptual design. He gave testimony before the Board for landfill design, landfill gas systems, post-closure cost, and suitability of the plan. The design included a unique feature of a double lined storm water lagoon on the landfill that was to have the subgrade stabilized by dynamic deep compaction. The Board found in favor of the Respondent and construction of the landfill closure began in 2019.
Gardner Bond Trabolsi, PLLC | Refueling Facility* | Howser, Idaho | Expert Legal Support
Gary provided expert engineering support for the Geosynthetic and Utilities associated with fueling platform. Gary identified and had added to the team utility bedding expert. Gary reviewed drawings, materials, reassembled broken pipes and provided written options to legal council. There was a negotiated settlement of this case.
Newton Building & Development, LLC | Low Metal Clarifier Design-Build Upgrade – IWTP – Building 7030 – Naval Base Kitsap* | Bangor, Washington | Project Manager
Gary served as the design quality control manager for this work.
East County Recycling, Inc | East County Recycling Final EIS* | Washington | Project Manager/ Lead Engineer
East County Recycling received nearly 1,000 comments on a draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) prepared by another consultant. Gary was asked to assume the project and respond to the comments. As project manager/lead engineer, Gary selected a team of 12 professionals that included five subconsultants and a legal team to revise the draft EIS. Working with these technical, legal, and financial professionals, Gary developed a document that is credible and defensible. Gary also worked with agencies to rebuild confidence that the project would be technically sound and state of the practice, overseeing organization of both the team and documentation to deliver a product without data gaps that addressed all technical issues and comments. He presented the final EIS to all agencies and provided ongoing assistance to the owner throughout the EIS permit and legal process.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) | Wallace Yard and Hercules Mill Site* | Wallace, Idaho | Senior Engineer
Gary is a senior engineer supporting the EPA regarding barrier layer gravel placed by the railroads around the Wallace Idaho area and the Hercules Mills Site removal. Gary became involved when gravel placed for the barrier layer was not performing as anticipated. He supported the EPA in requiring that barrier layer that was not functioning as anticipated be repaired. For the Hercules Mill Site Gary supported the EPA in requiring the railroad to remove massive mill foundations and concentrate from a steep hillside.
Newmont Mining Corperation | Treatment Pond Design* | Golconda, Nevada | Design Engineer
Gary developed the civil design for two treatment ponds to remove arsenic from groundwater. He used single-sided textured HDPE geomembrane with the smooth side up to allow for sludge to slide off the geomembrane and the textured side down to provide for better slope stability. Gary used 2H:1V slopes for the pond in soils that are unstable if loaded with weight like a truck. Gary developed a geogrid reinforcement scheme and no drive zones to provide for a stable slope.
Confidential Client | West Surface Impediment Closure* | Goldendale, Washington | Senior Engineer
Gary was senior engineer in charge of scope, cost, technical design, and construction for this design/build project in which Parametrix was the prime contract holder. The project was a $2.3 million closure of a 10-acre sludge lagoon that contained sodium sulfide crystals, sludge, and filter cake. The entire project was permitted and constructed in just over 3 months. Solutions to contain water, mix sludge with soil, and reduce the footprint of the lagoon were the focus of this project. The project area was reduced to 6.25 acres, which reduced Parametrix’s cost and saved the owner money. Gary met the schedule goals, completing the project in the time frame agreed upon with the owner.
WSDOT | Hood Canal Bridge Replacement* | Multiple, Washington | Task Manager
Gary was the task manager for the development of 3D drawings for Hood Canal Bridge pontoons mechanical and electrical systems. He developed protocol to track over 500 drawings, and reported project deliverable and financial status weekly to the state and general contractor.
King County | King County On-Call Engineering Services-Transit Facility Projects* | Multiple, Washington | Task Manager
Gary was the task manager to determine the condition of the green roof and structural condition of the 175th Street Transit Base. He developed a plan to analyze the buildings and roof condition, and found that a toe drain for a 25 foot tall wall was not functioning, allowing water to flow from a penetration more than 15 feet above the floor level. Gary also found that the green roof geomembrane had failed and the sprinkler system was oriented incorrectly. He prepared a Technical Memorandum that presented findings and recommendations.
US NAVY | Oil Spill Prevention – Pearl Harbor* | Pearl Harbor, Hawaii | Design and Construction Oversight
Gary provided design and construction oversight for the secondary containment of eleven fuel tanks for the U.S. Navy Pacific Division in Honolulu, Hawaii. He developed plans and specifications for the geomembrane lining, roads on the geomembrane, watertight connections, and subgrade preparation. Gary also trained Navy personnel in construction monitoring for geomembranes and appropriate acceptance and rejection criteria.
City of Sunnyvale | Sunnyvale Landfill* | Sunnyvale, California | Field Engineer
Gary obtained soil gas samples as part of a methane migration study.
Chinook Ventures | Industrial Park and Bulk Freight Handling Port Permitting* | Longview, Washington | Project Manager
Chinook Ventures is converting the former Reynolds Aluminum facility to an industrial park and bulk freight handling port. Gary managed SEPA, environmental, and engineering documents to obtain the required permits the conversion. The work included gathering information from historical records, on-site observations and personnel interviews to develop a baseline for the site and identify data gaps and areas of improvement. Future projects include operational improvements to conveyors, evaluating the impacts of operations to stormwater and groundwater, NPDES permitting, wetland delineation, and upgrades to the existing berth.
Emerald Kalama Chemical, LLC | Modular Tank Reconstruction* | Kalama, Washington | Project Manager / Lead Designer
Gary was the project manager and lead designer to permit a double lined containment system for the storage of storm water that has come into contact with hydrocarbons. To determine the appropriate geomembrane for the tank liner, Gary completed immersion testing of several materials and selected unsupported polypropylene as the material that reacted the least with the storm water. To maintain the maximum storage capacity in the Modutanks, he selected control density fill CDF to be installed at a slope of 0.3 percent. Using CDF instead of soil saved approximately 40 percent of the Modutank volume. Gary developed a leak detection and removal sump that prevented any penetrations in the primary geomembrane.
Emerald Kalama Chemical, LLC | Emerald Kalama On-Call T103 Testing* | Kalama, Washington | Site Assesor
Gary is providing routine assessment and reporting on the aging of the reinforced polypropylene (rPP) u in the active storm water tanks. Testing involves collecting samples from the two tanks and one sample from controlled storage. Test results are analyzed to determine if the rPP is in good condition or needs to be replaced.
Sundsmo Development and Land Use Consulting | Sundsmo Land Use Consultation & Development* | Puyallup, Washington | Site Inspection
Gary inspected the PVC geomembrane in a storm water pond and made recommendations as to its condition and/or necessary repairs.
US Department of Justice | Expert Support | Tacoma, Washington | Project Manager / Lead Engineer
Gary is the project manager and lead engineer supporting the Department of Justice (DOJ) for the restitution phase of the case of Resource Recovery, Inc. verse the Corp of Engineers. Gary managed the preparation of the Hydrogeology Report and prepared the Permit Report. He estimated the cost of potential lost income for the restitution.
NewCold | NewCold Tacoma Warehouse | Tacoma, Washington | 2018-presnet | Project manager
Project manager for design improvements for a new cold storage warehouse. The work included grading, stormwater and roads for the on-site and off-site improvements. Permits were applied for and negotiated with the City of Tacoma to provide the best value for NewCold and keep the project on schedule. The design included stormwater treatment filter units prior to discharge to the City storm drain. Close communication with the contractor to ensure design was being constructed correctly and to identify changes early so that construction kept on schedule were necessary. Weekly reporting of project status was provided that described work completed and budget.
Newton Building & Development, LLC | Building 592 Canopy* | Bremerton, Washington | QA/QC
Gary provided construction quality management for Building 592 Canopy
Newton Building & Development, LLC | Naval Base Kitsap Utility Repairs – Naval Base Kitsap, PSNS&IMF* | Bremerton, Washington | Data QC Engineer
Gary was the design quality control manager for this project.
Pierce County | Carbonado Water Improvements and Plan* | Carbonado, Washington | Technical Lead
Gary was the technical lead for the replacement of a geomembrane liner and floating baffle for a waste water lagoon. His design included material selection, and review of staff engineer’s design. Gary provided design criteria for the floating baffle and obtained three quotes to allow for procurement of the floating through a change order.
Skagit County | Butler Lagoon Closure* | Skagit County, Washington | Project Manager
Gary prepared the closure plan, construction documents, bench scale testing, and sludge removal verification for approximately 20,000 cubic yards of septic sludge.
City of Tacoma | City of Tacoma Public Works On-Call* | Tacoma, Washington | QA/QC
Gary provided QA review for the design of a cover system addition on a 1.5 horizontal to 1 vertical slope. He worked with the geotechnical engineer in developing the slope stability calculations.
NA Water Systems/Veolia Water | Cle Elum WWTP, Design Build Operate* | Cle Elum, Washington | Project Design
Gary prepared design and specifications for a floating baffle system to improve treatment of the wastewater in a lagoon. The design included windows to allow for wastewater movement between cells, anchorage, and floats. Gary prepared the design of a double liner system for a wastewater lagoon. The design took into account wind uplift, detection time, effect of subsurface vapors to uplift the liner system, removal of sludge for cleaning, and balancing cut and fill to avoid off-site disposal of soils.
Gibbs & Olson, Inc | Chehalis Regional Water Reclamation* | Chehalis, Washington | Project Design
Gary was the designer for two wastewater storage lagoons and a floating cover. The bottom elevation of the lagoons is over 10 feet below the high groundwater elevation. To prevent groundwater from “floating” the liners, installed piezometers and transducers that would alert wastewater treatment plant personnel to fill the lagoons with water. He also developed a ballast system to prevent wind and subsurface vapor uplift of the geomembrane. The floating cover is a ballast system to prevent growth of algae in the lagoon.
Town of Eatonville | Eatonville On-Call Engineering Services* | Eatonville, Washington | Design Manager
Gary assessed the condition of a 20-year old PVC and Hypalon geomembrane in the City’s wastewater treatment plant lagoon. He found both materials to be worn out and in need of replacement. Gary designed a new linear system using HDPE geomembrane, reuse of existing granular material on the lagoon, removal and disposal of biosolids, and continued treatment of solids while the lagoon was out of service.
City of Hoquiam | College Hill and Beacon Hill Reservoir Lining* | Hoquiam, Washington | Project Design / Construction Manager
Gary was responsible for the design and construction management for the lining of two potable water reservoirs. He worked with the City on developing schedules for the downtime of the reservoirs and managing City staff as resident inspectors
Mathis Support Services | Glanbia Foods* | Twin Falls, Idaho | Construction Observation
Gary provided construction observation for the installation of an 80-mil thick HDPE geomembrane in two wastewater tanks.
Northwest Linings & Geotextile Products, Inc | Middleton WWTP Floating Cover* | Middleton, Idaho | Design Engineer
Gary was the Designer for this design-build floating cover. The floating cover used a defined sump in the middle of the lagoon. Floats were used to provide walkways to pump chambers and hatches. Pumps were sized to convey the 25-year 2-hour rainfall event. Air vents were provided to allow any vapor that generated beneath the floating cover to dissipate without whaling the cover.
Town of Eatonville | WWTP Design* | Eatonville, Washington | Senior Engineer
Gary was the senior engineer responsible for the evaluation of the condition of the existing PVC and Hypalon geomembranes in a 5-acre lagoon. The evaluation found the PVC geomembrane had oxidized to the point where it was now brittle and full of holes. The Hypalon geomembrane had oxidized to the point where the outside layer of material had worn and the scrim was exposed. The recommendation was to replace the geomembranes with a new HDPE geomembrane. Gary prepared the PS&E package for removal of the biosolids, stockpiling of the existing soils, removal of the geomembrane, installation of a subsurface gas venting system, reuse of existing soils, and installation of a new geomembrane. The need to handle biosolids produced by the waste water plant during construction was developed.
Newton Building & Development, LLC | Repair Pressure Sewer DD 5 to DD 6 – Naval Base Kitsap, PSNS&IMF* | Bremerton, Washington | Data QC Engineer
Gary was the design quality control manager for this project.
Camp Dresser & McKee, Inc. | Simplot Water Treatment Plant Solar Evaporation Ponds* | Caldwell, Idaho | Senior Engineering Consultant
Gary was the senior consultant for the design and construction phases of the evaporation ponds design-build contract. He developed design calculation for wind uplift of the lining system, reviewed design, and provided comments to the design team. Gary provided review support of geosynthetics items and worked with team to meet Idaho’s Department of Environmental Quality requirement to demonstrate leakage rate by selecting the use of a pan lysimeter.
Pueblo of Laguna | Seama Reservoir Rehabilitation* | Seama, New Mexico | Senior Engineer
Gary is the senior engineer for the assessment, permitting and design of the Seama Reservoir. Seama Reservoir was permitted in the 1970s and construction was completed in 1980 to provide irrigation water to Laguna farmers. The reservoir unfortunately never held water. Gary provided support for the Pueblo to obtain a grant to provide assessment, permitting, and design for a geomembrane liner to seal the reservoir. The grant was obtained in 2011. Gary coordinated with the geotechnical engineer to determine the soils within the reservoir basin and embankment. The embankment constructed in 1980 was acceptable. The basin soils were highly permeable and required a geomembrane liner to prevent seepage of water. An Engineering Report was prepared that met both New Mexico and Bureau of Reclamation small dam standards. The project is just starting the design phase in July 2011.
Erick Ammom, Inc. | New Entrance & Access Road – Lake Kaweah* | Lake Kaweah, California | Design Manager
Gary was the design manager for the Design-Build contractor of an access road to a Corp of Engineers boat launch. The design minimized cut and fill volumes, worked around large boulders, provided turn radius and slopes required, and allowed for locking of the facility at night. The project was reviewed once by the Corp and accepted. The design builder had no changes related to the design.
King County | Countyline Levee Large Wood Management* | Seattle, Washington | Budget Verification
Gary prepared the scope and budget for verification inspection of large wood, racking logs and slash for the Countyline Levee project.
King County | Countyline Setback Levee CM Service* | Multiple, Washington | Project Consultant
Gary consulted with the construction management team regarding unexpected fuel oil and solid waste discoveries on the project. Discussed monitoring and appropriate health and safety considerations.
City of Bremerton | Beach Access with Sewerage Improvements* | Bremerton, Washington | Design Manager
Homes, apartments, condominiums and businesses near the Minet Bridge in Bremerton are connected to a sewer pipeline that is in the intertidal zone. The existing pipeline needed to be replaced. Gary developed a plan to collect by gravity all sewage from the affect area. His plan provided for a continuation of a trail from downtown along the bluff to the bridge, and allowed for a cost estimate to be prepared which permitted the City to budget and obtain grant funds to upgrade the sewer system and provide for the continuation of the waterfront trail.
Krazan & Associates Inc. | PVC Geomembrane Barrier* | Renton, Washington | Design Engineer
Gary took over the design of a PVC vapor barrier from another consultant. He completed the design to prevent potential volatile organic compounds from entering a retail space. The design focused on constructibility, ensuring that the liner was installed to prevent vapor intrusion, and all utility and column penetrations could be sealed. Gary observed the installation to verify that the design was being installed properly.
King County | Sammamish River Bank Repairs* | Bothell, Washington | Design Review
Gary completed a review of 60 percent drawings for County. Provided comments on drawings in standard format and presented to County. Identified items that needed to be included infiltration of water from dewatering, and use of Aquadam in the river. Identified that a Ultrablock wall could be deleted by just cutting back the slope as there was adequate room to fit a slope cut.
New Lining Solutions | New Lining Solutions Panel Layout* | Bremerton, Washington | Design Engineer
Gary provides shop drawings of geomembrane panel layouts as requested by New Lining Solutions as requested.
City of Pacific | Government Canal Stormwater Pump Station Design and Permitting | Pacific, Washington | 2018-present | Project manager
Project manager for the design and permitting of a new stormwater pump station to prevent flooding within the City of Pacific. The City was requesting a 175 cfs pump station in the RFP. Gary noted that the City had not done any hydraulic modeling of the basin and that the flow that would need to be pumped would likely be less than the peak runoff flow. Modeling of the basin and connecting the pump rate to the high water events in the White River resulted in the recommend pump station size of 43 cfs. The reduction in size of pump station will save the City over $20 million. The work includes permitting, identification of wetland and wetland impacts, 35 foot wide box culvert through a new setback levee, sluice gates on the box culvert, fish passage, new pump station, grant identification and cost estimating.
Eucon Corporation | Quality Aggregates Pit* | Auburn, Washington | Engineering Consultant
Gary responded to an emergency situation when the Lake Francis Gravel Pit took on run-off never anticipated. The additional run-off created pooling in the pit of over 120 acre-feet. The pit was filled to within feet of over topping, which would have flooded and destroyed down slope homes. Gary reconnoitered the pit and surrounding properties. He recommended to the County that 5 homes be evacuated. To alleviate the pooled water, he recommended and obtained approval to pump water to both a roadside ditch and to a wetland. The pool was controlled in less than a week, and pumping was discontinued in 2 weeks.
Port of Tacoma | Clear Creek Habitat Improvement* | Tacoma, Washington | Project Design
Gary was responsible for the development of plans, specifications, and estimates PS&E for a habitat improvement project. He worked with a team of fisheries biologists, landscape architects, and geotechnical and structural engineers to provide a design package for a changing project. This site improved over 6 acres of existing wetland while excavating 50,000 cubic yards of soil. This project won the American Association of Port Authorities’ Award for Environmental Excellence.
Port of Tacoma | Clear Creek Phase II Habitat Improvements* | Tacoma, Washington | Project Manager
Gary was the project manager for completing the habitat improvements at the Port’s Clear Creek property. He utilized the geotechnical report from the first phase of construction to reduce design costs. Design elements included stability analysis of railroad embankment, meeting minimum footprint requirements, constructing a temporary bridge, dewatering, and site access. Gary provided services during construction that included submittal review, meeting attendance, and answering contractor questions.
Port of Tacoma | Gog-Le-Hi-Te II Habitat Action Design and Construction Specifications* | Tacoma, Washington | Senior Engineer
Gary served as senior engineer for the design and construction management for habitat creation at the Port of Tacoma’s Gog-Le-Hi-Te site. He prepared the scope and budget for this project and developed the refuse density study. He reviewed the design drawings and prepared specifications. Gary has attended design review meetings with the Corps of Engineers with Port staff and has begun initial negotiations with refuse disposal companies to remove the refuse from the project site. This project won the AAPA honorable mention for environmental mitigation in 2010.
Port of Tacoma | Gog-Le-Hi-Te Habitat Improvement* | Tacoma, Washington | Project Manager
Gary was the project manager for improvement constructed in 2002. He performed site investigations that identified materials that would be excavated. He worked with the fisheries biologist to incorporate grading, soils, and vegetation to be used. The project design identified materials to be excavated for disposal at a solid waste landfill or recycled. He also incorporated the Port’s requirements for importing soil. Gary provided services during construction, including submittal review, meeting attendance, and answering contractor questions.
Port of Tacoma | Hylebos Peninsula Mitigation Action* | Tacoma, Washington | Senior Engineer
Gary served as senior engineer for an intertidal restoration for the Port of Tacoma in 2003. He worked with the Port’s team after the project was terminated to develop a bid package that could be successfully constructed. Gary reviewed past documentations and conducted a new study to verify tidal impacts to excavations. He continued to support the project in construction by attending weekly meetings and verify that construction was meeting design requirements.
City of Issaquah | Holiday Inn Lift Station | Issaquah, Washington, United States | 2019-present | Project manager
Gary is the project manager for the design of a 100 gpm lift vendor supplied packaged station for the Holliday Inn. Stantec is designing the lift station for Holiday Inn and the City the lift station for a building owned by the City and the two project are combined into a single bid package. Gary coordinated with the City, validated the design flow rate, oversaw drawings, specification and cost estimates. Gary combined the City’s and Stantec’s specifications into a single specification for bidding and construction. Services during construction include submittal review, site visits and meeting, punch list and warranty period services.
King County | Black River Pump Station Sediment Removal Construction Management* | Renton, Washington | Design Review / Construction Manager
The County needed to remove sediment from the fore-bay of the Black River Pump Station. The pump station had not had the fore-bay cleaned since installation in the 1960s. Gary reviewed the design plans at 90 percent and provided comments in a standard format with particular focus on the Aquadam and rerouting of river flows around the project site. He also provided construction management that included coordination with City of Renton and Department of Natural Resources for the HPA permit. Provided over site of daily on-site observation and attended weekly meetings. Prepared the pay requests and change orders. The project was completed on schedule and change orders were for Owner added items of work.
Crook County | Crook County Landfill Consulting Services* | Crook County, Washington | Landfill Engineer
Gary has been the landfill engineer for Crook County since 1995. During this time he has worked with the County to layout a systematic development of the landfill from an open pit to a sanitary landfill operation. He has developed lysimeters to measure and monitor for movement of leachate through the landfill. The condition of the cover system on previously closed portions of the landfill was question by DEQ and Gary developed a sampling program to verify soil thickness and quality. The result of this testing program was that DEQ accepted the existing cover without any additional placement of soil over the previously closed portion of the landfill. In 2000, the first Subtitle D lined landfill cell was permitted and constructed. Gary negotiated with DEQ the requirements for the lined cell and saw the project through to construction. The landfill used a GCL in lieu of compacted clay saving the owner from having to import or bentonite amended soils. A source of locally available over-sized rock from a chip seal crushing plant was identified, this rock was used the leachate drainage layer for a cost of $8.00 per cubic yard to the owner. As the landfill is in an arid area, instead of designing a leachate pump station, we selected to use a side slope leachate collection system and remove collected leachate using a vacuum truck. This avoided bringing electrical power to the remote landfill that saved the owner over $60,000. Gary provided CQA observation and testing and prepared the construction report for the landfill development.
Josephine County | Marlsan Landfill Stormwater Diversion* | Grants Pass, Oregon | Project Manager
Gary was the project manager for the closure of an 8-acre landfill. The design extensively uses on-site soils to reduce construction cost. The cover system consists of a 30-mil PVC geomembrane and geocomposite drainage layer. Stormwater controls were developed to convey water down 2H:1V slopes and beneath the railroad tracks. Erosion control practices were incorporated into the design that included matting, PAM, check dams, temporary watering of the vegetative layer, straw waddles, and reducing the slope of ditching. As project manager, Gary provided all quality assurance reviews and of the design and ensured the design team and contractor met their agreed upon project schedule.
Maui County | Maui Central Landfill Phase IV Design Modifications* | Maui County, Hawaii | Project Manager
Gary was the project manager in the redesign of a 25-acre landfill expansion project involving a VE change proposal and design modifications. The project’s construction cost was bid at $5.4 million. Gary identified over $1 million in cost reductions that were made to the original design by deleting unnecessary products and replacing expensive soil layers with less costly geosynthetic layers. Other design modifications included less steep slopes for static stability, drainage layer soil, leachate collection and storage, and storm water diversion. Gary redesigned a new landfill cell while in construction. The original design was inadequate to handle leachate flows, storm water, and operation usage. Gary worked with Maui County, the Health Department, and the contractor to keep the project moving forward with no standby charges. The design used materials that provided the necessary capacity to handle leachate flows of up to 500 gpm.
Kitsap Co Sanitary Landfill | Silverdale Transfer and Recycling Station* | Silverdale, Washington | Operations Planning
Gary wrote the Operations Plan for the Olalla and Silverdale Transfer Stations. The plan focused on customer relations, transfer station operation, acceptable and unacceptable waste disposal, site safety, and emergency response planning.
Metro Regional Government | St. Johns Landfill* | Portland, Oregon | Design Engineer
Gary prepared the closure design of a 220-acre landfill using AutoCAD to focus on grading, drainage, roads, and cover and cover penetration details. He developed the construction sequencing plan for closure construction to occur over a 5-year period. The plan estimated soil and material quantities and costs for landfill closure for each year. As part of our ongoing services, prepared the design plans for a 35-acre closure area. The first phase from the construction sequencing plan developed soil and material quantities and prepared the engineers cost estimate.
City of Eugene | Tugman Park LF Remedial Action* | Eugene, Oregon | Project Engineer
As project engineer for this fast-track project, Gary prepared specifications plans and a quality assurance plan for a soil cap at the Tugman Park Landfill within a 30-day deadline. The landfill was originally closed in the 1950s and required enhancements to the existing cover to meet requirements identified in the Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study Work Plan Addendum. The selected remedy was a 2-foot-thick soil cover with a hydraulic conductivity of 1 x 10-5 centimeters/second and topsoil overlay. The project involved interaction and negotiating with the Department of Environmental Quality.
Rojas Construction, Inc. | Value Engineering-Central Maui Landfill* | Puunene, Hawaii | Project Manager
Gary was the project manager in the redesign of a 25-acre landfill expansion project involving a value incentive engineering change proposal and design modifications. The projects construction cost was bid at $5.4 million. Gary identified over $1 million in cost reductions that were made to the original design by deleting unnecessary products and replacing expensive soil layers with less costly geosynthetic layers. Other design modifications included less steep slopes for static stability, drainage layer soil, leachate collection and storage, and storm water diversion.
Yamhill County | Whiteson and Newberg Landfills* | McMinnville, Oregon | Site Review
Gary reviewed two closed landfill sites to ensure that Yamhill County had sufficient revenues in a trust fund to pay for expected activities and risk contingency. He reviewed the provided site data and past cost estimates and walked both sites to determine if any work was required to bring the landfills into compliance with regulations. He developed post-closure cost estimates and evaluated the potential risks that could increase post-closure costs. The presented findings showed that the County could reduce funds in the post-closure trust.
King County | Cedar Hills Landfill Construction Management* | Maple Valley, Washington | 2001-2013 | Project Manager
Gary managed over $70 million in construction projects at the Cedar Hills Regional Landfill in King County. As construction manager, he oversaw the team in charge of observing, testing, and documenting construction at the landfill and reviewed and commented on two design teams, coordinating documents between designers to reduce construction costs and risk to the County. In his first year of construction oversight only, one change order was prepared at the end of the project to balance the final cost. Gary assisted five internal County project managers, developing systems that provided quick accounting and project controls to address various funding sources and requirements. Some of the projects constructed under this contract include 10 phased closures, 3 phased developments, leachate force main repairs, truck scale installation; upgrades to the truck wash facility, electrical resistivity testing, and a landfill gas delivery system. Gary managed multiple sub consultants as well as soil and geotechnical laboratories.
Skagit County | Inman Landfill Study and CQA Plan | Mt. Vernon, Washington | Engineering / Environmental Analyses
Gary was responsible for the engineering and environmental analyses of the County’s landfill from 1991 until the landfill closure in 1995. He worked with regulatory agencies to create trust and to bring the agencies on board as part of the team to solve the County’s engineering and environmental needs. He brought the landfill into compliance with regulations and assisted the County in deciding to close its landfill and long-haul waste. Gary subsequently served as CQA and certifying engineer during closure construction.
Hawaii County, Department of Public Works | Kailua Landfill Gas Control/Fire Control/Closure Design and Constructionq* | Oahu, Hawaii | Site Planner
Gary developed the closure/post-closure plan and PS&E for a 34-acre canyon landfill. Over 50 percent of this sites area has side slopes steeper than 3H: 1V and can receive over 10 inches of rain in a day. The closure/post-closure plan recommended changes to the City’s contract with a firm that was contracting gas from the landfill so that it would provide the required level of protection to meet changing regulations.
City of Port Angeles | Landfill Engineering and Environmental Services 2006 | Port Angeles, Washington | Project Manager
Gary was the project manager for the closure of the final 11 acres of the landfill and construction of a seawall. He developed contract documents for the 11-acre closure. The components included building the landfills subgrade up to 5 percent minimum slope, covering all exposed refuse, GCL, 40-mil LLDPE geomembrane, geocomposite drainage layer, and overlying soil. The use of on-site soils and compost to manufacture topsoil was used exclusively. Gary was the CQA engineer for the entire project and geosysthetic installation. The construction of the seawall first involved the excavation of over 120,000 cubic yards of refuse from a 130-foot high slope that stopped on the beach. The completed slope is one continuous 1.25 horizontal to 1 vertical slope that has withstood erosion well. To prevent slope erosion the use of top of slope ditches and level spreaders was used. A high-end erosion control mat was used to keep the slope from eroding due to rain drop impact. The seawall is a secant wall that was installed at the toe of the bluff. The wall has a design life of 50 years. The use of precast concrete panels was used to reduce field time to pour concrete. To prevent front of wall erosion, toe armor was sized and placed. During excavation for the toe armor, a pocket of oily soil was discovered in the intertidal zone. The approach of working with Ecology’s Emergency Response Unit was selected. This allowed for Ecology to approve the approach selected with immediate implementation of the approach.
Kitsap County | Olalla Landfill RI/FS* | Olalla, Washington | Senior Engineering Consultant
As Senior engineering consultant, Gary supported negotiations with the Kitsap County Health Department and Ecology to demonstrate what is an appropriate cover system over the old landfill. In negotiations demonstrated that the existing cover system was protective of the environment and that no improvements to the cover system are necessary.
Jackson County | Prospect Landfill Monitoring* | Jackson County, Oregon | Design Engineer
As project design engineer, Gary prepared the closure design of a 5-acre landfill near Crater Lake, Oregon. He negotiated an alternative cover system with DEQ to allow a 6-inch-thick cover in place of the required 3-foot-thick cover. Subsequently, Gary served as CQA and certifying engineer during closure to document soil cover placement.
Crook County | Crook County Landfill – Expansion Cell* | Crook County, Washington | QA/QC
Gary has worked with the County to lay out a systematic development of the landfill from an open pit to a sanitary landfill operation. He has developed lysimeters to measure and monitor for movement of leachate through the landfill. The condition of the cover system on previously closed portions of the landfill was question by DEQ, and Gary developed a sampling program to verify soil thickness and quality. The result of this testing program was that DEQ accepted the existing cover without any additional placement of soil over the previously closed portion of the landfill. In 2000, the first Subtitle D lined landfill cell was permitted and constructed. Gary negotiated with DEQ the requirements for the lined cell and saw the project through to construction. The landfill used a GCL in lieu of compacted clay, saving the owner from having to import or bentonite amended soils. A source of locally available oversized rock from a chip seal crushing plant was identified; this rock was used for the leachate drainage layer for a cost of $8.00 per cubic yard to the owner. As the landfill is in an arid area, instead of designing a leachate pump station, we selected to use a side slope leachate collection system and remove collected leachate using a vacuum truck. This avoided bringing electrical power to the remote landfill and saved the owner over $60,000. Gary provided CQA observation and testing and prepared the construction report for the landfill development. In 2000, the first Subtitle D lined landfill cell was permitted and constructed. Gary negotiated with DEQ the requirements
King County | Factoria Recycling and Transfer Station* | Bellevue, Washington | Project Manager
Gary was project manager for the $90 million Factoria Recycling & Transfer Station. This King County “High Risk” project required specialized planning. Gary developed a Project Management Plan consistent with the Project Management Body of Knowledge. He provided design phase services including value engineering, risk management, baseline budgeting, and constructability reviews. He provided project management support to the County’s project representative, coordinated subconsultants, obtained all permits, and arranged inspections. He also worked with the contractor to collect and report data required to achieve LEED certification.
US Army Corps of Engineers | Fort Lewis Landfill Closure/Post-Closure Plan and O&M Manual* | Fort Lewis, Washington | Staff Engineer
Gary was the staff engineer for the closure of Fort Lewis’s demolition landfill. He designed cover systems, storm water controls, gas system, and roadways. He also negotiated with the Corps of Engineers during design reviews and answered Corps’ questions.
Thurston County | Hawks Prairie Landfill Cell #2 Design* | Thurston County, Washington | Project Engineer
As project engineer, Gary prepared preliminary engineering and final design for expansion of the landfill with development of Cell No. 2. Preliminary engineering included geotechnical investigations, bottom grading plan preparation, bottom liner section design, evaluation of bottom liner construction over refuse settlement, liner, strength, gas management, and environmental monitoring, and leachate collection and removal layout and preliminary sizing. Ongoing permit compliance assistance is also provided with the local wastewater treatment facility. Completed: 1998
Skagit County | Inman Landfill* | Mt. Vernon, Washington | Multiple Roles
Gary prepared a comprehensive operations and maintenance manual for a combined ash monofill and construction debris landfill. The manual was prepared in less than two months. Recommendations to separate ash from construction debris, placement of ash and debris, control storm water and erosion, and site monitoring activities were provided in the manual. Gary prepared technical memorandum on improvements to the existing cover system, leachate system, and landfill expansion alternatives. The technical memorandum was then incorporated into the closure plan for the landfill. He designed a double-lined geomembrane leachate lagoon to monitor for leakage in the primary liner. Renovated the leachate pump station to rebuild deteriorated concrete and replacerusted parts. Gary was responsible for the engineering and environmental analyses of the County’s landfill from 1991 until the landfill closure in 1995. He worked with regulatory agencies to create trust and to bring the agencies on board as part of the team to solve the County’s engineering and environmental needs. He brought the landfill into compliance with regulations and assisted the County in deciding to close its landfill and long-haul waste. Subsequently, Gary also served as construction quality assurance CQA and certifying engineer during closure construction, with responsibilities that included oversight of the landfill gas system design for the landfill’s closure. Gary was responsible for the engineering and environmental analyses of the County’s landfill from 1991 until the landfill closure in 1995.
US Department of Justice | Justice Dept, 304th Street Landfill* | Bellevue, Washington | Project Manager
Gary was the project manager supporting the Department of Justice in their analysis for settlement with LRI. Gary provided landfill cost estimates, market conditions surveys, meetings with LRI’s attorneys, white papers on landfill property options, and worked with other experts DOJ had supporting the case.
City and County of Honolulu | Kapaa Landfill Closure* | Honolulu, Hawaii | Site Planner
Gary developed the closure/post-closure plan and plans, specifications and engineer’s estimate of probable cost PS&E for a 34-acre canyon landfill. Over 50 percent of this site has side slopes steeper than 3H:1V and can receive over 10 inches of rain in a day. The closure/post-closure plan recommended changes to the City’s contract with a firm that was contracted to extract gas from the landfill. This allowed gas extraction goals to meet the required level of environmental protection to meet changing regulations.
Josephine County | Kerby Landfill Closure* | Oregon | Project Design
As project design engineer, Gary prepared the closure and surface water design for a 20-acre landfill. The owner had placed up to 5 feet of soil over refuse in places on the landfill. Gary assessed the cover to document soil thickness and hydraulic conductivity. This assessment reduced the quantity of soil needed for closure by 40,000 cubic yards. Subsequently, Gary served as CQA and certifying engineer during closure to document soil cover placement. He used County personnel to perform daily CQA testing.
Klamath County | Klamath Fall Landfill, Conceptual Design* | Klamath Falls, Oregon | Project Manager
Gary was the project manager for environmental monitoring services and conceptual design for landfill expansion. He was responsible for design of new cells, including the use of geosynthetic liners, development of an operations plan, capacity estimates, leachate management and landfill gas management. Gary was also responsible for cost reductions through performance-based alternative liner design, waste separation, and increased landfill area through re-routing site drainage.
Mason County | Mason County Landfill Closure* | Mason County, Washington | Design / Specification, and CQA
Gary prepared the design, specification, and CQA manual for a 12-acre landfill closure. The closure and design made extensive use of on-site soils to reduce construction costs. Gary provided CQA monitoring of the subgrade preparation and geomembrane.
URS Corporation | Questa Design & Permitting* | Questa, New Mexico | Project Manager
Gary is the project manager for a new repository that will receive filter cake from a water treatment plant. The repository was required as part of the sites cleanup action as required in the Record of Decision. The repository is on a Superfund site. Gary sited the new repository to meet EPA Subtitle D and New Mexico Solid Waste regulations. The siting considered seismic impacts, hydrothermal scar, subsidence zones, stability of rock piles, geologic setting and groundwater, and storm water controls. As the only material in the repository will be filter cake that has a high metals content in the leachate, the leachate was tested with geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) to determine if there would be a reduction in free swell and hydraulic conductivity (HC). Testing documented the GCL would be impacted by the leachate from the filter cake. Continued testing of the GCL following ASTM protocols demonstrated by adding a polymer the GCL’s free swell and HC requirements can be achieved. To permit the facility an Engineering Report, Operations Plan, Closure/Post-Closure Plan and Construction Quality Assurance Plans were developed.
City of Port Angeles | Regional Landfill Solid Waste Services* | Port Angeles, Washington | Project Engineer
Gary served as project engineer for the design, specification, and CQA manual for a 5-acre landfill expansion. The expansion design followed the existing cell design to reduce engineering and regulatory review time. The use of on- site materials for the liner and leachate collection layer was specified to reduce construction costs for the City. The use of on-site materials reduced construction cost by over $150,000. Gary performed CQA inspection for the installation of an HDPE geomembrane. In 2000, Gary was the engineer of record and CQA engineer for a 5.5-acre partial closure of the landfill. The design used a geosynthetic clay liner GCL in lieu of compacted clay and a 30-mil PVC geomembrane to reduce capital costs. The design included upgrades to the storm water and landfill gas extraction systems. As topsoil was not available locally at a reasonable cost, Gary developed a specification that blended glacial till, compost, shredded wood debris, and humus. The laboratory that tested the blended topsoil said this was the best topsoil they ever tested.
Yamhill County | Yamhill County SWMP RFP* | McMinnville, Oregon | Site Review
Gary reviewed two closed landfill sites to confirm that Yamhill County had sufficient funds in trust to finance both planned activities and allow for contingency. He reviewed site data and past cost estimates and waked both sites to determine what work, if any, was required to bring the landfills into regulatory compliance. He developed post-closure cost estimates and evaluated potential risks that could increase post-closure costs. Gary’s findings showed that the County could reduce funds in the post-closure trust.
City of Berkeley | Berkeley Landfill* | Berkeley, California | Construction Observation
Gary was responsible for construction monitoring and supervision of a city crew on the construction of 54 acres of foundation layer for a landfill cover. He screened incoming soil for possible contamination before accepting the soil for use as foundation layer material. Gary also wrote the foundation layer construction report for submittal to the Water Board.
Whatcom County | Cedarville Landfill* | Cedarville, Washington | Design Engineer / Planning
Gary prepared a closure/post-closure maintenance plan that considered closing the landfill in phases, cover design alternatives using both natural and synthetic materials and their costs, leachate and landfill gas generation, and post-closure monitoring.
Sonoma County | Sonoma Landfill* | Santa Rosa, California | Technical Writer
Gary prepared the operations and maintenance manual for a landfill gas flaring facility.
King County | Vashon Island Landfill* | Vashon Island, Washington | Site Assesor
Gary assessed landfill gas generation and characteristics of the landfill. He performed monthly monitoring of landfill gas quality and generation. He wrote quarterly reports on the findings.
Whatcom County | Y-Road Landfill* | Washington | Design Engineer / Planning
Gary prepared a WAC-301 closure plan for the landfill that utilized low-cost cover and maintenance schemes consisting of on-site soil and a minimum amount of cover over the existing grade.
Camp Dresser & McKee, Inc. | N Transfer Station Rebuild Project* | Seattle, Washington | Project Manager
Gary was project manager for the permitting and site civil design of a new solid waste transfer station. To accommodate space constraints at this urban facility, the design routed all transfer trucks and trailers beneath the tipping floor for both parking and waste collection. The entrance layout included street improvements, security, fencing, toll booths, and scales with routes for self-haul and commercial vehicles and separate recycling and waste disposal areas. Two parks with sports courts and pervious paving also are being designed as part of the project. Gary managed permitting, which included solid waste, grading, demolition, and Seattle utilities and building permits. He also developed the temporary erosion and sedimentation control plan and stormwater pollution prevention plan. To meet NPDES and SPDES discharge requirements, stormwater is collected, pumped, and treated.
Snohomish County | N. County Recycle/Transfer Station* | Multiple, Washington | Design Engineer
Gary supported the design team in developing alternative layouts for improvements to the station.
Okanogan County | Okanogan County Central Landfill – FY 2002 | Okanogan, Washington | Project Design
As project design engineer, Gary updated hydrogeological and engineering studies to bring the Central Landfill into compliance with Washington Administrative Code WAC 173-351, Criteria for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills. The culmination of this work was the preparation of final plans, specifications, and engineers estimate of probable cost PS&E, and construction of a new landfill cell. The design consisted of a composite bottom liner bentonite amended soil and 60-mil HDPE geomembrane and a geonet drainage system. Gary prepared an engineering report, operations plans, and closure/post-closure plan with accompanying hydrogeologic report. He monitored field investigations, including soil sampling and geophysical testing TDEM. Subsequently performed as CQA and certifying engineering during construction services.
Okanogan County | Okanogan County Central Landfill Hydrogeological Documentation and Groundwater Monitoring* | Okanogan, Washington | Project Design
As project design engineer, Gary updated hydrogeological and engineering studies to bring the Central Landfill into compliance with WAC 173-351, Criteria for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills. The culmination of this work was the preparation of final PS&E and construction of a new landfill cell. The design consisted of a composite bottom liner bentonite amended soil and 60-mil HDPE geomembrane and a geonet drainage system. Gary prepared an engineering report, operations plan, and closure/post-closure plan with accompanying hydrogeologic report. He monitored field investigations, including soil sampling and geophysical testing TDEM. He subsequently performed as CQA and certifying engineer during construction services.
Olympic View Sanitary Landfill, Inc. | Olympic View Sanitary Landfill* | Bremerton, Washington | Design Engineer / QA/QC
Gary prepared the design, specifications, and CQA plans for a 10-acre development and 28-acre landfill closure. He prepared erosion control plans for the landfill development and closure to meet county health department and state standards. He provided construction management for these projects. Gary also prepared design and specifications for an upgraded leachate loading facility, regional storm water system, and road and soil stabilization. The soil stabilization corrected problems with an embankment that would not grow vegetation. Gary designed regrading, topsoil, erosion control, and vegetation to correct the eroded soils. The storm water system improvements included designing a new retention pond and repairs to an existing retention pond. The existing retention pond’s embankment failed and needed to be rebuilt and the inlets and outlets to the pond redesigned.
As the retention pond was over 10-acre feet, had to negotiate with Dam Safety to permit the repairs.
To reduce the cost of leachate treatment Gary designed a floating cover for the primary leachate lagoon. The design was a defined sump using float patterns to route rain water to the sump. The lagoon was aerated and would continue to be aerated after installation of the floating cover. The design allowed for floating aerators in the footprint of the cover by providing windows in the cover for the aerators. To capture the air that would off gas air gaps were included along each float run to vents. A backup system of a perforated collection pipe connected to a blower was included along the perimeter.
In 2019 providing analysis of existing leachate lagoon for compliance with Ecology Dam Safety requirements. Prepared technical memorandums for lagoon repurposing options, repair of existing floating cover, and managed liquification analysis of lagoon. Negotiating with Ecology for a variance to allow use of lagoon by modifying operations and controls.
City of Port Angeles | Port Angeles Landfill Engineering and Environmental Services* | Port Angeles, Washington | Project Engineer
Gary served as project engineer for the design, specification, and CQA manual for a 5-acre landfill expansion. The expansion design followed the existing cell design to reduce engineering and regulatory review time. The use of on- site materials for the liner and leachate collection layer was specified to reduce construction costs for the City. The use of on-site materials reduced construction cost by over $150,000. Gary performed CQA inspection for the installation of an HDPE geomembrane. In 2000, Gary was the engineer of record and CQA engineer for a 5.5-acre partial closure of the landfill. The design used a GCL in lieu of compacted clay and a 30-mil PVC geomembrane to reduce capital costs. The design included upgrades to the storm water and landfill gas extraction systems. As topsoil was not available locally at a reasonable cost, Gary developed a specification that blended glacial till, compost, shredded wood debris, and humus. The laboratory that tested the blended topsoil said this was the best topsoil they ever tested.
Rabanco Regional Disposal Company | Roosevelt Regional Landfill* | Roosevelt, Washington | Project Design
Gary evaluated three alternative site layouts for a new ash monofill that examined soil excavation, site access, site grading, and leachate removal. He designed the first cell of the double-lined ash monofill and prepared the specifications and CQA plan. He prepared sections in the engineering report for the ash monofill on-site grading, phasing, leachate collection and removal, and closure and post-closure cost estimates, and reviewed the report to ensure regulatory compliance with the new ash regulations. He also prepared a map locating all potential clay sources on these 200-plus acres. The map incorporated all available surface information. The final report included a rendering of a three-dimensional map depicting the locations, which showed the below grade of all clay and the estimated quantity. Gary oversaw the third-party CQA officer/observer for Regional Disposal Company’s municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and ash monofill. CQA responsibilities included project scoping; plan and specification review and comment; on-site observation for construction of clay test pads and bottom liner, high-density polyethylene (HDPE) geomembrane, leak detection, and primary leachate collection systems. Gary reviewed CQA documentation for DOE, Klickitat County, and Regional Disposal Company. Gary oversaw the third-party CQA officer/observer for Regional Disposal Company’s municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and ash monofill.
City of Puyallup | Puyallup/Sumner Landfill* | Puyallup, Washington | Design Engineer
Gary prepared the specifications and assisted in the design of a landfill gas flaring facility.
Washington State Department of Ecology (DOE) | Regulatory Cost Analysis* | Multiple, Washington | Cost Estimator
Gary worked with regulatory agencies to identify cost impacts associated with changes to regulations. He worked with DOE economists to establish the costs associated with the rewrite of the WAC 173-304 regulations to landfills and transfer facilities. He has also worked with DOE to establish cost associated with changes to the recycling regulations.
Cost Crane Company | Sales Office* | Seattle, Washington | Design Engineer
Gary prepared a vapor barrier for a new building within 100 feet of a landfill. The design used a 30-mil geomembrane to prevent any vapors from getting into the building. A vapor collection system was designed that routes all vapors collected above the roof. Gary assisted the owner in selection of a general contractor for the project.
Emerald People’s Utility Dsitrict | Short Mountain Landfill* | Eugene, Oregon
Gary made recommendations to Emerald People’s Utility District (EPUD) and Lane County regarding the gas to energy system and landfill operations. He reviewed historic documents, observed operations, and interviewed both clients to develop a report that assessed how gas to energy and landfill operations affected one another. Gary presented his findings, which helped resolve a long-standing claim by EPUD against the County.
AECOM (Earth tech) | Tulalip Landfill Shoreline Armoring* | Tulalip, Washington | Design Engineer
Gary helped in the redesign of the shoreline armoring for landfill closure and preparation of a Technical Memorandum. The redesign of the shoreline armoring saved the owner over $300,000 on a project that was bid for $1 million.
City of San Jose | Singleton Road Landfill* | San Jose, California | Project Manager / Lead Engineer
Gary wrote the operations and maintenance manual for the landfill gas flaring facility and well field. He trained a city crew in the operations and maintenance of the flaring facility and well field. Gary inspected construction of a landfill gas flaring facility and well field. He prepared and approved design changes for the facility and well field. Project cost: $160,000. Gary trained a city crew in the operation and maintenance of a landfill gas flaring facility. He assessed failed piping network and made recommendations for the repair of the network. He inspected construction and prepared design changes of flaring facility. He prepared the operations and maintenance manual for the flaring facility.
Yolo County Public Works | Yolo County Central Landfill* | California | Design Engineer / Planning
Gary wrote the Report of Waste Discharge for the landfill, focusing on the waste characteristics, hydrogeology, alternative landfill design using a subdrain system, site design and operations, and a new landfill configuration. He negotiated a variance with the Water Board to dispose of refuse within 3 feet of the water table. Gary designed two 1-acre clay-lined surface impoundments for leachate and septage evaporation. He wrote the operations and maintenance manual for the impoundments that included liner sampling and analysis procedures for penetration of contaminants into the liner. The design included the use of vacuum/pressure lysimeters to monitor vadose zone soil moisture. Gary collected samples of clay liner soil for permeability testing for two 1-acre surface impoundments. He wrote the construction monitoring letter for permeability and compaction testing. Construction cost was $220,000.
Acme | Acme Landfill* | Martinez, California | Cost Estimator
Gary prepared an 80-page closure/post-closure cost estimate for two Class III landfills and a Class II landfill following Assembly Bill AB 3374 guidelines. This cost estimate was by Acme Landfill to establish a new tipping rate charge. Field work included using inclinometers to monitor slope stability and groundwater sampling.
Aerojet | Aerojet Area 3* | Sacramento, California | Design Engineer / Planning
Gary prepared the closure/post-closure maintenance plan for a 22-acre landfill, using on-site dredge spoil for subgrade and cover and a local source of clay for the barrier layer. The plan included sections on test pad construction and monitoring and a construction quality assurance plan.
King County | KC Metro On-Call Environmental Services 2014* | Seattle, Washington | Site Assesor
Metro is selling their property adjacent to the Washington State Convention Center. The purchaser of the property had an assessment that to cleanup contamination on the property would be over $2 million and this should be a reduction to the purchase price. Gary reviewed the assessment and site documentation and found that no credit should be given for contamination as the areas identified were off the property and for surface contamination potential that was removed by Metro when developing the property.
KV Industrial, LLC | Stryker Building Vapor Barrier* | Kent, Washington | Senior Engineering Consultant
Gary was the senior consultant for the design of a high-quality vapor barrier beneath 900,000 square feet of buildings. The design met Boeing requirements for vapor barrier that required at least a 60-mil thick HDPE geomembrane be used. Gary helped design team develop details and specifications for penetrations and end terminations. He continued support during construction by training contractor to preform quality control of geomembrane installer’s work.
Okahara and Associates | Corp of Engineers| Kwajalein and Roi-Namur Water Catchment Lining | Geosynthetic Subject Matter Expert
Potable water catchments on Kwajalein and Roi-Namur, Marshall Islands, have existing geomembrane liners that have worn out. The COE design criteria include exposed geomembrane to have at least a 20-year life, wind speed of 142 mph, and excavation is not allowed. Gary presented multiple options for the catchments. Bituminous geomembrane was selected. To hold the geomembrane down in hurricane force winds, the use of earth anchors was selected at a spacing of 5 feet on-center.
Washington Department of Ecology | Update Orange Book Lagoon Liner Section | Lacey, Washington | 2018-presnet | Project manager
Gary is the project manager and lead technical engineer in developing new wastewater lagoon guidance for the state of Washington. He is updating the section in the Orange Book related to lagoon liners to bring the section up to the current state of the practice. The sections include siting, groundwater, design, operations, construction and reporting. Development of acceptable leakage rate (ALR) were provided. Example calculations for wind uplift and veneer stability were given to assist users. The selection of appropriate geomembrane and specifying were described in length. The guidance document was provided to Ecology in E-reader format.
Grabhorn, Inc. | Lakeside Consulting Services | Washington County, Oregon | Site Analyst
Gary developed the analysis and evaluation methods to determine if a poplar tree cover system meets or exceeds regulatory requirements. He used site-specific data for tree transpiration and soil moisture to perform a sensitivity analysis on the HELP model. The analysis verified that a tree cover system was superior to the regulatory-required cover system.
New Lining Solutions | Raw Water Reservoir Project* | Roy, Washington | Expert Witness
Gary was tasked with both expert witness and assembling of New Lining Solutions (NLS) claim against Seafor Contracting (SC). Gary reviewed all project and discovery documentation, prepared narratives for each element of the claim, assembled documentation and submitted all documents to the arbitrator. Gary presented technical elements of the claim to the arbitrator and answered opposing council questions. Gary prepared questions for and briefed NLS council. Gary discovered change orders obtained by SC while reviewing documentation at Brick Township during arbitration hearing that was used to increase NLS claim against SC. NLS was awarded over $95,000 by the arbitrator.
King County | Sinnema Quaale Upper Revetment Construction Management* | Duvall, Washington | Lead Construction Manager
Gary is the lead CM for a shoring wall, ELSs, and trail reconstruction on the Snoqualmie River that is scheduled to be completed in October 2015. The bid price for the project is approximately $4.8 million. Gary started the project as it went out to bid and identified ideas and issues for the County and designer to consider. Scheduling and monitoring the construction schedule were identified as a significant risks. Gary recommended a risk meeting be held with the County and design team to capture potential risks in a register. He manages a field team that tracks permit conditions, tests soils, documents pile driving, reviews submittals, and administers the contract for the County. He is using EADOC for document control as this provides a cloud base program and allows review of project documents that keep the County and all team member informed about the project. Difficulties encountered on the project included an unexpected railroad trestle that runs the length of the project and groundwater deeper than expected which led to slope stability concerns. Gary coordinates with the County, design team, and contractor to proactively identify issues. He determines if the issue is a cost concern, schedule concern, or a differing site condition and works to resolve the issue keeping the project moving forward meeting schedule deadlines.
Hamilton Risk + Value Consultants, LLC | SPU – Waterfront CSO VE Study* | Seattle, Washington | Construction Manager
Gary was the construction manager on a team that reviewed the 60 percent design. The value engineering study was a five-day study and presentation. Gary reviewed various materials that could be used for the pipeline and potential seismic impacts to each of the proposed pipe material and estimated the cost impact of a seismic event. Gary considered using HDPE pipe instead of ductile iron pipe and found that cost would be minimal but that a pilot use should be considered if SPU wanted to change pipe materials in the future.
Watts Constructors, LLC | Concrete Retaining Wall* | Clallam County, Washington | Project Manager
Gary was the project manager for the design of a concrete retaining wall to replace a sheet pile wall. The contractor could not obtain the sheets specified and requested that Gary provide a design using precast concrete panels. Gary managed structural engineers to develop the design in collaboration with the contractor. In designing the walls he discovered a calculation that was in error, and worked with the owner and designer to correct the error. By correcting the error, Gary eliminated tie backs and saved the owner and contractor over $200,000.
King County | Elliott Habitat and Floodplain Reconnection* | Seattle, Washington | Construction Manager
Gary was the construction manager for the design and procurement phase to reconnect properties on the right and left banks of the Cedar River near Renton. He provided reviews of the 60 percent and 90 percent complete design. Comments were provided two ways, one by giving the County our markups and also by organizing comments onto
a log to provide for easier tracking. Gary prepared the construction schedule at 60 percent and revised at 90 percent complete to ensure that there was adequate time allowed for the contractor to complete work within the fish window. He prepared a construction management plan (CMP) that followed County format and discussed the contractor’s quality control and the construction manager quality assurance activities. He set up the information management system (IMS) for the project that provided for the flow of communications during construction. Gary also prepared specification regarding Contractor’s required use of the IMS.
City of Hoquiam | Water Reservoirs* | Hoquiam, Washington | Design and Construction Management
Gary was responsible for the design and construction management for the lining of two potable water reservoirs. He worked with the City on developing schedules for the downtime of the reservoirs and managing City staff as resident inspectors.
City of Richmond | I-580 Embankment Fill* | Richmond, California | Modeling
Gary simulated the water balance for an oil- and lead-contaminated soil embankment fill using the HELP Model. Gary wrote the section in the closure plan on the model methodology and results.
City of Richmond | Hill Top* | Richmond, California | Modeling
Gary simulated the water balance for six oily soil repositories using the HELP Model. He also prepared an engineering report on the model methodology and results.
City of Bremerton | Evergreen Rotary Park* | Bremerton, Washington | Design Engineer
Gary was the engineer on record for Design of the grading plan allows for multi-purpose use of the facility for events, picnics, parking, and walking trails. The design of a 5-acre waterfront park on a Model Toxics Control Act MTCA cleanup site. The park design required coordinating with five subconsultants, landscaping, electrical, irrigation, architectural, and structural. Gary designed improvements to the adjoining road and utilities. He provided in-water restoration and habitat improvements. Since weed-free topsoil was not readily available locally, Gary developed a topsoil specification to manufacture a good-draining, weed-free soil, mixing local soils with compost and humus.
King County | Land Architecture & Civil Engineering* | Multiple, Washington | Task Manager
Gary developed a management response plan and appointed a task manager for each project assigned by the County. He worked with the task manager to select the appropriate team and prepare the scope, schedule, and budget. He ensured that the appropriate reviews of documents were performed prior to being submitted to the County or contractor. Gary tracked project financials and reported to the appropriate official as requested using an earned value system that reports percent complete and potential changes.
Arndt, Gary, Melody Adams, Andrew Jung, Marat Goldenberg. Chemical Compatibility of a Polymer-Modified GCL. Chemical Compatibility of a Polymer-Modified GCL, 2015, pp. 1-9.